jlzzjlzz亚洲乱熟在线播放

系統城裝機大師 - 唯一官網:www.farandoo.com!

當前位置:首頁 > 腳本中心 > python > 詳細頁面

python自動化測試三部曲之request+django實現接口測試

時間:2020-10-07來源:www.farandoo.com作者:電腦系統城

主要是介紹unittest框架,有興趣的同學們可以移步去查閱

這里廢話少說,進入正題

我的思路是這樣的

1、先用django實現登陸、增加、刪除、查看4個接口

2、在excel定義好測試案例、然后讀取excel中的案例,然后把案例用unittest框架組裝和封裝

3、啟動django,執行測試案例

一、先跑通unittest到django的流程

1、先創建一個Django的項目

2、創建路由,這里我們使用二級路由

a、先復制工程目錄下的urls.py文件到app目錄下

b、修改工程目錄下的urls.py文件,定義一級路由

c、修改app目錄下的urls.py文件,設置二級路由,這里切記務必要刪除默認的admin這條路由

d、定義這條路由指向的視圖的函數

e、啟動django,這里我們使用9090端口啟動,因為我們的Jenkins端口用的是8080

E:\python\unittestForDjango>python manage.py runserver 9090

f、這里的是啟動成功的樣式,我圈住的告警可以忽略,因為這里Django的admin需要的,我們這里不會用到django的admin

g、打開瀏覽器訪問django,我們的一個簡單的Django項目已經跑通

3、在視圖函數中定義一個方法,這個方法分別處理GET請求和POST請求

a、定義視圖函數

這里通過這個參數告訴瀏覽器,我們返回的是JSON數據

?
1 return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")


?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
def test_login(request):
  method = request.method.upper()
  if method == "GET":
    result = {}
    name = request.GET.get("username",None)
    pwd = request.GET.get("pwd",None)
    result["name"] = name
    result["pwd"] = pwd
    result = json.dumps(result)
    # return HttpResponse(result)
    return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")
 
  else:
    result = {}
    name = request.POST.get("username",None)
    pwd = request.POST.get("pwd",None)
    result["name"] = name
    result["pwd"] = pwd
    result = json.dumps(result)
    return HttpResponse(result,content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")

b、使用request模塊發起POST和GET請求

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
#Auther Bob
#--*--conding:utf-8 --*--
import requests
import json
 
 
class TestCase(object):
  def __init__(self,username,pwd,url):
    self.username = username
    self.pwd = pwd
    self.url = url
 
 
  def get(self):
    # 發送get請求
    url = self.url + "?username=" + str(self.username) + "&" + "pwd=" + str(self.pwd)
    res = requests.get(url=url)
    print(res.text,type(res.text))
 
  def post(self):
    # 發送post請求
    data = {
      "username" : self.username,
      "pwd" : self.pwd
    }
    res = requests.post(url=self.url,data=data)
    print(res.text)
 
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
  url = "http://127.0.0.1:9090/web/login/"
  username = "zhangsan"
  pwd = "123"
 
  t = TestCase(username,pwd,url)
 
  t.get()
  t.post()

c、這里我們引入unittest框架,測試案例可以這么寫

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
import unittest
from test3 import test_request
class TestDjango(unittest.TestCase):
  
 
  def setUp(self):
    print("unittest框架的前置條件")
 
  def tearDown(self):
    print("unittest框架的后置條件")
 
  def test_01(self):
    url = "http://127.0.0.1:9090/web/login/"
    username = "zhangsan"
    pwd = "123"
    t = test_request.TestCase(url=url,username=username,pwd=pwd)
  def test_02(self):
    url = "http://127.0.0.1:9090/web/login/"
    username = "zhangsan"
    pwd = "123"
    t = test_request.TestCase(url=url,username=username,pwd=pwd)
    t.post()
 
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
  unittest.main(verbosity=2)

d、這里有重復代碼,我們可以利用unittest框架中的classmethod來解決,因為實例化一個測試類可以放在前置條件中

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
import unittest
from test3 import test_request
class TestDjango(unittest.TestCase):
  @classmethod
  def setUpClass(cls):
    url = "http://127.0.0.1:9090/web/login/"
    username = "zhangsan"
    pwd = "123"
    # 這里的t雖然是類變量,但是python的中的實例是可以用引用類變量的
    cls.t = test_request.TestCase(url=url,username=username,pwd=pwd)
 
  def setUp(self):
    print("unittest框架的前置條件")
 
  def tearDown(self):
    print("unittest框架的后置條件")
 
  def test_01(self):
    self.t.get()
  def test_02(self):
    self.t.post()
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
  unittest.main(verbosity=2)

e、在testcase中加入斷言

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
import unittest
from test3 import test_request
class TestDjango(unittest.TestCase):
  @classmethod
  def setUpClass(cls):
    url = "http://127.0.0.1:9090/web/login/"
    username = "zhangsan"
    pwd = "123"
    # 這里的t雖然是類變量,但是python的中的實例是可以用引用類變量的
    cls.t = test_request.TestCase(url=url,username=username,pwd=pwd)
 
  def setUp(self):
    print("unittest框架的前置條件")
 
  def tearDown(self):
    print("unittest框架的后置條件")
 
  def test_01(self):
    res = self.t.get()
    self.assertEqual(200,res.status_code)
  def test_02(self):
    res = self.t.post()
    self.assertEqual(200, res.status_code)
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
  unittest.main(verbosity=2)

f、引入testsuite

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
import unittest
from unittest import TestLoader
 
from test3 import test_unittest
 
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
  suite = unittest.TestSuite()
  loader = TestLoader()
  test_cases1 = unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromModule(test_unittest)
  # 參數是一個模塊,會把這個模塊里的所有case加載進來
  suite.addTests(test_cases1)
  runner = unittest.TextTestRunner(verbosity=2)
  runner.run(suite)

二、在django中設計接口

這里我們寫一個簡單的例子,設計一個用戶表,設計4個接口

接口1:登陸

接口2:增加用戶,需要用戶登陸

接口3:刪除用戶,需要用戶登陸

接口4:查詢用戶,不需要用戶登陸

1、先看登陸接口

a、登錄接口對應的url

下面是一級路由

?
1 url(r'^web/', include('unittesstApp1.urls'))

下面是二級路由

?
1 url(r'^login/', views.test_login),

b、登錄接口的視圖函數

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
def test_login(request):
  method = request.method.upper()
  if method == "GET":
    returndict = {"code": 200, "error": None}
    username = request.GET.get("username",None)
    password = request.GET.get("password",None)
    if username == "admin" and password == "admin123.":
      request.session["username"] = username
      request.session["password"] = password
      result = json.dumps(returndict)
    else:
      returndict["code"] = 201
      returndict["error"] = "用戶名或者密碼錯誤"
      result = json.dumps(returndict)
    return HttpResponse(result,content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")

這里我們用到了session來代替cookies

 

2、增加用戶接口

a、增加用戶對應的url

一級路由同登陸接口,下面是二級路由

?
1 url(r'^add/', views.test_add),

b、增加用戶接口對應的視圖函數,這里我們做了各種異常處理,且判斷了用戶是否登陸,也就是通過是否攜帶cookies來判斷

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
def test_add(request):
  method = request.method.upper()
  if method == "POST":
    returndict = {"code": 200, "error": None}
    username = request.session.get("username",None)
    password = request.session.get("password",None)
 
    if username == "admin" and password == "admin123.":
      newusername = request.POST.get("username",None)
      age = request.POST.get("age",None)
      sex = request.POST.get("sex",None)
      pwd = request.POST.get("pwd",None)
      userinfo = [newusername,age,sex,pwd]
      print(userinfo)
      if not "None" in userinfo and all(userinfo):
        if models.userInfo.objects.filter(username = userinfo[0]).exists():
          returndict["error"] = "{username} is exists,please add a new username".format(username = username)
          returndict["code"] = 201
          result = json.dumps(returndict)
          return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")
        else:
          models.userInfo.objects.create(
            username = newusername,
            age = age,
            sex = sex,
            pwd = pwd
          )
          if models.userInfo.objects.filter(username=userinfo[0]).exists():
            result = json.dumps(returndict)
            return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")
          else:
            returndict["error"] = "{username} is error,please retry add".format(username=username)
            returndict["code"] = 201
            result = json.dumps(returndict)
            return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")
      else:
        returndict["error"] = "must input username,age,sex,pwd"
        returndict["code"] = 201
        result = json.dumps(returndict)
        return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")
    else:
      returndict = {"code": 201, "error": "用戶名或者密碼錯誤"}
      result = json.dumps(returndict)
      return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")

3、刪除接口

a、刪除用戶對應的url

一級路由同登陸接口,這里只看二級路由

?
1 url(r'^del/', views.del_user),

b、刪除接口對應的視圖函數,這里我做了各種異常處理,也做了用戶是否登陸的檢測,也是通過檢測cookies來實現

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
def del_user(request):
  method = request.method.upper()
  if method == "POST":
    returndict = {"code": 200, "error": None}
    username = request.session.get("username",None)
    password = request.session.get("password",None)
    if username == "admin" and password == "admin123.":
      delusername = request.POST.get("username",None)
      print(delusername)
      if delusername != None:
        if models.userInfo.objects.filter(username=delusername).exists():
          delid = models.userInfo.objects.get(username=delusername).id
          print(delid)
          try:
            models.userInfo.objects.get(id=delid).delete()
          except Exception as e:
            returndict = {"code": 201, "error": e}
            result = json.dumps(returndict)
            return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")
          else:
            result = json.dumps(returndict)
            return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")
        else:
          returndict = {"code": 201, "error": "{username} is not exists".format(username = delusername)}
          result = json.dumps(returndict)
          return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")
      else:
        returndict = {"code": 201, "error": "you must input a username"}
        result = json.dumps(returndict)
        return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")
 
    else:
      returndict = {"code": 201, "error": "username or password is error"}
      result = json.dumps(returndict)
      return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")

4、查看接口

a、查看接口對應的url

一級路由同登陸接口url,下面是二級路由

?
1 url(r'^scan/', views.get_user),

b、查看接口對應的url,這里我們不檢測用戶是否登陸,直接把查到的數據返回給客戶,如果查詢報錯,才返回錯誤的信息

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
def get_user(request):
  method = request.method.upper()
  returndict = {"code": 200, "userinfo": None}
  if method == "GET":
    try:
      alluser = models.userInfo.objects.all().values_list("username")
      alluserlist = []
      for i in alluser:
        alluserlist.append(i)
         
      returndict["userinfo"] = alluserlist
 
    except Exception as e:
      returndict["code"] = "201"
      returndict["error"] = e
    finally:
      result = json.dumps(returndict)
      return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")

5、設計刪除數據庫中所有的接口,用來做后置條件

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
def del_alluser(request):
  method = request.method.upper()
  if method == "POST":
    returndict = {"code": 200, "error": None}
    username = request.session.get("username", None)
    password = request.session.get("password", None)
    if username == "admin" and password == "admin123.":
      if models.userInfo.objects.all().count() > 0:
        models.userInfo.objects.all().delete()
      result = json.dumps(returndict)
      return HttpResponse(result, content_type="application/json;charset=utf-8")

三、案例準備

1、在excel中寫好接口測試案例

2、定義常量,也就是每列對應的值

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
class TestConfig(object):
  def __init__(self):
    self.name = 0
    self.url = 1
    self.method = 2
    self.cookies = 3
    self.data = 4
    self.res = 5
    self.exec = 6
 
  def getname(self):
    return self.name
 
  def geturl(self):
    return self.url
 
  def getmethod(self):
    return self.method
 
  def getcookies(self):
    return self.cookies
 
  def getdata(self):
    return self.data
 
  def getres(self):
    return self.res
 
  def getexec(self):
    return self.exec

3、定義讀取excel的類,因為我要從excel中讀取案例

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
import xlrd
import os
 
class testexcel(object):
  casepath = os.path.join(os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))), "case", "testcase.xlsx")
 
  def __init__(self):
    self.casepath = testexcel.casepath
    self.execlobj = xlrd.open_workbook(self.casepath)
    self.sheetobj = self.execlobj.sheet_by_index(0)
 
 
  def get_excel_data(self,row,col):
    max_row = self.get_excel_max_row()
    max_col = self.get_excel_max_col()
    if row > max_row -1 or col > max_col - 1:
      return False
    else:
      data = self.sheetobj.cell_value(row,col)
      return data
 
 
  def get_excel_max_row(self):
    r_num = self.sheetobj.nrows
    return r_num
 
 
  def get_excel_max_col(self):
    c_num = self.sheetobj.ncols
    return c_num

4、定義我們的接口函數

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
import requests
import json
 
 
class TestLogin(object):
  def __init__(self,username,pwd,url):
    self.username = username
    self.pwd = pwd
    self.url = url
 
  def get(self):
    # 發送get請求
    url = self.url + "?username=" + str(self.username) + "&" + "password=" + str(self.pwd)
    res = requests.get(url=url,
              headers={
           "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36"
         })
    # print(json.loads(res.text))
    return res
 
  def post(self):
    # 發送post請求
    data = {
      "username" : self.username,
      "pwd" : self.pwd
    }
    res = requests.post(url=self.url,
              data=data,
              headers={
                "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36"
              },
              )
    # print(res.text)
    return res
 
 
class TestAdd(object):
  def __init__(self,username,age,sex,pwd,cookies,url):
    self.username = username
    self.age = age
    self.sex = sex
    self.pwd = pwd
    self.url = url
    self.cookies = cookies
  def post(self):
    # 發送post請求
    data = {
      "username" : self.username,
      "pwd" : self.pwd,
      "age" : self.age,
      "sex" : self.sex
    }
    res = requests.post(url=self.url,
              data=data,
              headers={
                "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36"
              },
              cookies=self.cookies,
              )
    # print(res.text)
    return res
 
 
class Testdel(object):
  def __init__(self, username,cookies,url):
    self.username = username
    self.cookies = cookies
    self.url = url
 
  def post(self):
    # 發送post請求
    data = {
      "username": self.username,
    }
    res = requests.post(url=self.url,
              data=data,
              headers={
                "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36"
              },
              cookies=self.cookies,
              )
    # print(res.text)
    return res
 
 
class Testscan(object):
  def __init__(self,url):
    self.url = url
  def get(self):
    res = requests.get(url=self.url,
              headers={
                "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36"
              },
              cookies=None,
              )
    return res

5、定義測試案例

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
import unittest
from test3 import test_request
import json
from util import test_json
from util import test_excel
from case import testconfig
import requests
 
class TestDjango(unittest.TestCase):
  @classmethod
  def setUpClass(cls):
    cls.alldata = test_json.testjson()
 
  @classmethod
  def tearDownClass(cls):
    url = "http://127.0.0.1:9090/web/login/" + "?username=" + "admin" + "&" + "password=" + "admin123."
    res = requests.get(url=url,
              headers={
           "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36"
         })
    url = "http://127.0.0.1:9090/web/delall/"
    requests.post(url=url,
           headers={
             "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36"
           },
           cookies = res.cookies
           )
 
 
  def get_cookies(self):
    url = "http://127.0.0.1:9090/web/login/" + "?username=" + "admin" + "&" + "password=" + "admin123."
    res = requests.get(url=url,
              headers={
           "user-agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36"
         })
    # print(json.loads(res.text))
    return res.cookies
 
  @unittest.skip('noexec')
  def test_login_ok(self):
    row = 1
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row,configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      data = json.loads(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "GET":
        testobj = test_request.TestLogin(data["username"],data["pwd"],url)
        resobj = testobj.get()
        self.assertEqual(int(res),json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip('noexec')
  def test_login_pwd_error(self):
    row = 2
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row,configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      data = json.loads(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "GET":
        testobj = test_request.TestLogin(data["username"],data["pwd"],url)
        resobj = testobj.get()
        self.assertEqual(int(res),json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip('noexec')
  def test_login_user_error(self):
    row = 3
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row,configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      data = json.loads(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "GET":
        testobj = test_request.TestLogin(data["username"],data["pwd"],url)
        resobj = testobj.get()
        self.assertEqual(int(res),json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip('noexec')
  def test_user_pwd_error(self):
    row = 4
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row,configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      data = json.loads(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "GET":
        testobj = test_request.TestLogin(data["username"],data["pwd"],url)
        resobj = testobj.get()
        self.assertEqual(int(res),json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip('noexec')
  def test_insert_ok(self):
    row = 5
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      data = json.loads(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.TestAdd(data["username"], data["age"],data["sex"], data["pwd"],cookies,url)
        resobj = testobj.post()
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip('noexec')
  def test_insert_nologin(self):
    row = 6
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      data = json.loads(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.TestAdd(data["username"], data["age"],data["sex"], data["pwd"],cookies,url)
        resobj = testobj.post()
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip("noexec")
  def test_insert_user_error(self):
    row = 7
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      data = json.loads(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.TestAdd(data.get("username",None), data.get("age",None), data.get("sex",None), data.get("pwd",None), cookies, url)
        resobj = testobj.post()
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip('no exec')
  def test_insert_pwd_error(self):
    row = 8
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      data = json.loads(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.TestAdd(data.get("username",None), data.get("age",None), data.get("sex",None), data.get("pwd",None), cookies, url)
        resobj = testobj.post()
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip("no exec")
  def test_insert_sex_error(self):
    row = 9
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      print(data)
      data = json.loads(data)
      print(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.TestAdd(data.get("username",None), data.get("age",None), data.get("sex",None), data.get("pwd",None), cookies, url)
        resobj = testobj.post()
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip('no exec')
  def test_insert_age_error(self):
    row = 10
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      print(data)
      data = json.loads(data)
      print(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.TestAdd(data.get("username",None), data.get("age",None), data.get("sex",None), data.get("pwd",None), cookies, url)
        resobj = testobj.post()
        print(resobj.text)
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip('no exec')
  def test_insert_user_exist(self):
    row = 11
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      print(data)
      data = json.loads(data)
      print(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.TestAdd(data.get("username", None), data.get("age", None), data.get("sex", None),
                        data.get("pwd", None), cookies, url)
        resobj = testobj.post()
        print(resobj.text)
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  def test_get_user(self):
    row = 12
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
 
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.Testscan(url)
        resobj = testobj.get()
        # print(resobj.text
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
  @unittest.skip('no exec')
  def test_del_user(self):
    row = 13
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      print(data)
      data = json.loads(data)
      print(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.Testdel(data.get("username", None),cookies, url)
        resobj = testobj.post()
        print(resobj.text)
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])
 
 
  def test_del_noexistuser(self):
    row = 14
    configobj = testconfig.TestConfig()
    excelobj = test_excel.testexcel()
    execstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getexec())
    if execstatus == "YES":
      cookiesstatus = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getcookies())
      if cookiesstatus == "YES":
        cookies = self.get_cookies()
      else:
        cookies = None
      data = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getdata())
      print(data)
      data = json.loads(data)
      print(data)
      url = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.geturl())
      res = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getres())
      method = excelobj.get_excel_data(row, configobj.getmethod())
      if method == "POST":
        testobj = test_request.Testdel(data.get("username", None),cookies, url)
        resobj = testobj.post()
        print(resobj.text)
        print(json.loads(resobj.text))
        self.assertEqual(int(res), json.loads(resobj.text)["code"])

6、引入unittest的suit,組織案例

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
import unittest
from unittest import TestLoader
 
from test3 import test_unittest
 
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
  suite = unittest.TestSuite()
  loader = TestLoader()
  test_cases1 = unittest.TestLoader().loadTestsFromModule(test_unittest)
  # 參數是一個模塊,會把這個模塊里的所有case加載進來
  suite.addTests(test_cases1)
  runner = unittest.TextTestRunner(verbosity=2)
  runner.run(suite)

四、執行案例

1、啟動django

E:\python\unittestForDjango>python manage.py runserver 9090
Performing system checks...

System check identified no issues (0 silenced).
October 19, 2019 - 22:46:42
Django version 1.11.7, using settings 'unittestForDjango.settings'
Starting development server at http://127.0.0.1:9090/
Quit the server with CTRL-BREAK

2、執行測試套件

?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
test_del_noexistuser (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... {"username":"test1"}
{'username': 'test1'}
ok
test_del_user (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'no exec'
test_get_user (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... {"code": 201, "error": "test1 is not exists"}
{'code': 201, 'error': 'test1 is not exists'}
{'code': 200, 'userinfo': []}
ok
test_insert_age_error (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'no exec'
test_insert_nologin (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'noexec'
test_insert_ok (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'noexec'
test_insert_pwd_error (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'no exec'
test_insert_sex_error (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'no exec'
test_insert_user_error (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'noexec'
test_insert_user_exist (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'no exec'
test_login_ok (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'noexec'
test_login_pwd_error (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'noexec'
test_login_user_error (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'noexec'
test_user_pwd_error (test3.test_unittest.TestDjango) ... skipped 'noexec'
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ran 14 tests in 1.466s
 
OK (skipped=12)

到此這篇關于python自動化測試三部曲之request+django實現接口測試的文章就介紹到這了,更多相關request django 接口測試內容請搜索腳本之家以前的文章或繼續瀏覽下面的相關文章希望大家以后多多支持腳本之家!

分享到:

相關信息

系統教程欄目

欄目熱門教程

人氣教程排行

站長推薦

熱門系統下載